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The Lamborghini Espada 400 GT, a real four-seater from Sant'Agatha.
A look-through of the Espada S1, October 14th 1998, 152 Kb
Format : 750 x 334
Size : 108 Kb

Lamborghini Espada 400 GT (Series I)

Automobili Lamborghini was founded only five years ago, but things were looking great, its front engined 35O GT and the mid-engined Miura sold very well, the first was now already in its second generation with the Islero.
But both cars only offered space for two people, the Islero was a 2+2, but the two rear seats were not very comfortable.
In 1968, Ferruccio decided to built a full four-seater Gran Turismo, and it was presented as the Espada 400 GT, whose styling was inspired by the Marzal of 1966, the first Espada prototype even retained the gullwing door-design, but this was abandoned for the production model.
Marcello Gandini designed the Miura and the Marzal, and was also contracted to design the Espada, the engineering was largely done by Giampaolo Dallara, though he didn't change the already winning formula of Lamborghini, a front mounted V-12 engine, delivering it's power through a 5-speed Lamborghini gearbox.
Automatic transmission wasn't available in the beginning of the production run, but it became available on the later Series. The Espada chassis was a strong fabricated pressed-steel platform, built by Marchesi of Modena, the engine was installed 7.9 inch further forward and an addition of 3.8 inch to the wheelbase, freed up enough room for the four-seat cabin, with even a small decrease in overall length.
The styling of the Espada was very sensational, a real head-turner, with its wide track and low lines the car was very impressive. The front of the car, with quad circular headlamps and double NACA ducts in the hood, who fed not the engine but the ventilation for the interior, was simple but effective.
The interior featured four bucket-type seats, with enough space for the rear passengers, if the front seats weren't pushed all the way back. The dashboard on this first series looked rather messy, but presented the driver with everything he might need, the first show car even had the Marzal steering wheel, but this was redesigned for the production units.
On the 1968 Turin Auto Show, an Espada with the new Lancomatic suspension was shown, it was made optionally available, but only a few Espada's were ordered with it. This system was perfected by the German Langen company and replaced the normal spring/damper units with units who's damping was controlled by the resistance of a fluid, but the system prooved to be unreliable.
Only 186 Espada Series I were built, and today they are very hard to find, let alone find a good one, if you really want to buy an Espada, try finding a Series II car, and always remember, a V-12 powered Lamborghini seems to have 12 pieces of everything.
In 1970, the new Series II took over, with minor modifications, the basic Espada chassis would later be used for the Jarama 2+2, in a shortened form.

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